America's First Frogman: The Draper Kauffman Story by Elizabeth Kauffman Bush PDF

By Elizabeth Kauffman Bush

Even supposing undesirable eyesight saved him from receiving a fee within the U.S. army while he graduated from the Naval Academy in 1933, Draper Kauffman grew to become a hero of underwater demolition in global battle II and went directly to a distinctive naval occupation. at the present time Admiral Kauffman is remembered because the nation's first frogman and the daddy of the army Seals. His magnificent wartime provider disarming enemy bombs, setting up bomb disposal faculties, and organizing and major the Navy's first demolition devices is the focal point of this biography written through Kauffman's sister. Elizabeth Kauffman Bush, who is also the aunt of President George W. Bush, attracts on family members papers in addition to army files to inform Kauffman's tale for the 1st time. decided to shield the reason for freedom lengthy prior to the U.S. ever entered the warfare, Kauffman was once taken prisoner by way of the Germans as an ambulance driving force in France, and after his unencumber joined the Royal military to defuse delayed-action bombs through the London blitz. After Pearl Harbor his eyes have been deemed sufficient and he was once given a fee within the U.S. Naval Reserve. along with his event, he was once requested to set up an underwater demolition institution in citadel Pierce, Florida, the place he in my view informed males to defuse bombs and neutralize different submerged hazards. His males have been despatched to demolish the stumbling blocks put in via the Nazis at Normandy, and Kauffman himself led underwater demolition groups within the Pacific at Saipan, Tinian, and Guam and later directed UDT operations at Iwo Jima and Okinawa. His males take into account him as a very good chief who led by means of instance. He informed and fought along them, impervious to chance. as a result of the excessive criteria he set if you happen to grew to become "frogmen,"thousands of yankee lives have been stored in global struggle II, Korea, and Vietnam. Draper Kauffman's early verified UDT traditions of perseverance, teamwork, and an enduring brotherhood of guys of outstanding braveness is carried on by way of military Seals. this can be his legacy to the U.S. army and his state.

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80 In September 1931, the Kwantung Army, Japan’s semi-autonomous Manchurian garrison, blew up 5 feet of their own track near Mukden, then accused local Chinese troops. 82 By December 1932, Japan had over four divisions in the Manchurian puppet state it called Manchukuo. 83 Back in 1910, Theodore Roosevelt, quoting the old frontier maxim, “Never draw unless you mean to shoot,” warned his countrymen not to criticize anything Japan did in Manchuria unless they were prepared to go to war over it. 84 In the early 1930s President Hoover, combining Quaker pacifism with the realism of an engineer, noted that saber-rattling over Japan’s conduct in Manchuria would yield Americans nothing but the loss of the Philippines to a Japanese invading force.

111 Richardson was among those who vociferously disagreed with this deployment, telling Navy secretary Frank Knox and the Navy’s chief of operations, Adm. Harold R. 114 The Americans reacted to the Pact, not by focusing on the Pacific but by increasing their aid to Britain, gradually relinquishing their isolationism via a growing realization – hammered home by President Roosevelt – that the world’s malevolent forces were now joining hands. Richardson, testifying in 1945 at a congressional investigation of Pearl Harbor, recounted having lunch on 8 October 1940 with Roosevelt and with Adm.

To¯go¯ instead decided to appoint a career diplomat to assist Nomura. 68 And he had been Japan’s ambassador to Germany, where he negotiated the infamous Tripartite Pact. 69 31 WHY JAPAN GAMBLED At Japan’s request, the Pan-American clipper was held for two days in Hong Kong to accommodate this VIP. He and his secretary checked only 77 pounds of luggage, suggesting a short stay. 1 Ambassador Kichisaburo¯ Nomura and special envoy Saburo¯ Kurusu meet reporters in Washington, November 1941. 32 WHY JAPAN GAMBLED diplomatic solution, gave the US time to supply MacArthur with a substantial number of B-17s.

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