By D. Passeri, F. Marinello (auth.), Francesco Marinello, Daniele Passeri, Enrico Savio (eds.)
The mixture of atomic strength microscopy with ultrasonic equipment permits the nearfield detection of acoustic indications. The nondestructive characterization and nanoscale quantitative mapping of floor adhesion and stiffness or friction is feasible. the purpose of this ebook is to supply a entire evaluate of alternative scanning probe acoustic options, together with AFAM, UAFM, SNFUH, UFM, SMM and torsional tapping modes. uncomplicated theoretical motives are given to appreciate not just the probe dynamics but additionally the dynamics of tip floor contacts. Calibration and enhancement are mentioned to higher outline the functionality of the options, that are additionally in comparison with different classical recommendations similar to nanoindentation or floor acoustic wave. assorted software fields are defined, together with organic surfaces, polymers and skinny films.
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Additional info for Acoustic Scanning Probe Microscopy
In vacuum, electrostatic interactions give rise to complex problems due to their long-range nature, whereby simple calculations such as frame 3 do not apply. 1 Van der Waals Interaction Van der Waals interactions are often quoted as the typical surface interactions. It is true that due to material polarisability, van der Waals interactions are always present. Moreover, they lend themselves to a degree of mathematical sophistication verging on fine art . 16) V (h) = − 12π h 2 where A is the Hamaker constant, of the order of 1 × 10−20 J.
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