By David F. Burg
A global heritage of Tax Rebellions is an exhaustive reference resource for over 4,300 years of riots, rebellions, protests, and battle prompted through abusive taxation and tax amassing structures all over the world. all of the chronologically prepared entries specializes in a selected ancient occasion, reading its roots, and socio-economic context.
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Additional info for A World History of Tax Rebellions: An Encyclopedia of Tax Rebels, Revolts, and Riots from Antiquity to the Present
C. 338 BC Khabbash Revolt (Egypt), apparent uprising, led by the pharaoh Khabbash, against the Persian conquerors of Egypt that may have been a reaction to heavy-handed Persian taxation. The Egyptians had thrown off the Persian yoke in 404 and remained independent until 343, when Artaxerxes III reconquered the country. The Persians thereafter retained control until 332. Trigger et al. ” This rapacity included Ataxerxes III’s confiscation of sacred treasures from the Egyptian temples. Trigger and his colleagues draw the conclusion that as a result of this grasping administration, “armed rebellion once more raised its head in the form of the revolt of the enigmatic Khabbash”—or at least that appears a distinct possibility.
He “gathered great wealth together, and made vast gains by this farming of the taxes…,” Josephus concludes. Joseph may even have instituted special imposts besides the traditional, ancient levy on the land. His taxes and tactics generated deep resentment, resulting in riots that required government repression. But Joseph held sway, privately sending many gifts to Ptolemy and his wife Cleopatra, and their friends. Whatever else Joseph’s story may reveal, it certainly underscores the significance of tax farming as a means of building wealth and reveals much about the nature of tax farming.
Hucker, China’s Imperial Past. : Stanford University Press, 1975. 113 BC Black Market Complaint(Egypt), official complaint about revenue and tax losses that exemplifies the impact of the black market in ancient Egypt. In 113 BC, Menches, the town scribe (komogrammateus) of Kerkeosiris, received a written complaint from Apollodoros, “the concessionaire of the sale and tax on oil for the village”—a tax farmer. ’” He observed that a Thracian from the village of Kerkesephis had stored oil in a cobbler’s house and was selling it illegally.