By Mark Gregory Pegg
In January of 1208, a papal legate was once murdered at the banks of the Rhone in southern France. A livid Pope blameless III accused heretics of the crime and referred to as upon all Christians to exterminate heresy among the Garonne and Rhone rivers--a monstrous quarter referred to now as Languedoc--in an outstanding campaign. This so much holy battle, the 1st during which Christians have been promised salvation for killing different Christians, lasted twenty bloody years--it used to be a protracted savage conflict for the soul of Christendom.
In A such a lot Holy battle, historian Mark Pegg has produced a swift-moving, gripping narrative of this awful campaign, drawing partially on hundreds of thousands of tales accrued through inquisitors within the years 1235 to 1245. those debts of normal women and men, remembering what it was once prefer to pass though such brutal occasions, carry the tale vividly to lifestyles. Pegg argues that generations of historians (and novelists) have misunderstood the campaign; they assumed it was once a battle opposed to the Cathars, the main well-known heretics of the center a while. The Cathars, Pegg unearths, by no means existed. He additional indicates how a millennial fervor approximately "cleansing" the area of heresy, coupled with an apprehension that Christendom was once being eaten clear of inside of via heretics who seemed no assorted than different Christians, made the battles, sieges, and massacres of the campaign nearly apocalyptic of their merciless depth. In responding to this worry with a holy genocidal struggle, blameless III essentially replaced how Western civilization handled participants accused of corrupting society. This basic switch, Pegg argues, led on to the construction of the inquisition, the increase of an anti-Semitism devoted to the violent removing of Jews, or even the holy violence of the Reconquista in Spain and within the New international within the 15th century. All derive their divinely sanctioned slaughter from the Albigensian Crusade.
Haunting and immersive, A so much Holy War opens an enormous new standpoint on a very pivotal second in international historical past, a primary and far-off foreshadowing of the genocide and holy violence within the glossy international.
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Extra info for A Most Holy War: The Albigensian Crusade and the Battle for Christendom (Pivotal Moments in World History)
This methodological tendency presupposes that heresies have an intellectual purity and theological coherence in which it is possible to neatly sift out other, less coherent ideas; most crucially, it is a technique that effectively ignores historical and cultural specificity. Consequently, an extraordinary (and often stunning) superficiality permeates many modern interpretations of medieval heresiology. These analyses possess an inexcusable simplicity that, if nothing else, misses the sophisticated intellectual struggle of medieval thinkers into the nature and meaning of heresy before and after the Albigensian Crusade.
7. The Guilhems de Montpellier Guilhem V de Montpellier d. 1121 m. Ermengart Guilhem VI de Montpellier m. Sibilla Guilhem VII de Montpellier d. 1172 m. Mathilde de Bescançon Guilhem de Tortosa Guilhem d’Omelas m. Tiburga d’Orange Guilhema m. 1145 Bernart Ato V Viscount of Nîmes d. 1163 Guilhem VIII Guido Guerrejat Bergundionis m. 1183 des Montpellier d. 1202 Alazaïs de Cognac m. (1) Eudoxia of Constantinople Sibilla m. Raimon Gaucelin Bernart Adalacia Guilhema m. Raimon de Roquefeuil Ermessen m.
A pervasive intellectualist and idealist bias assumes that heresies are nothing more than religious doctrines, abstract thoughts, or lucid philosophies. This methodological tendency presupposes that heresies have an intellectual purity and theological coherence in which it is possible to neatly sift out other, less coherent ideas; most crucially, it is a technique that effectively ignores historical and cultural specificity. Consequently, an extraordinary (and often stunning) superficiality permeates many modern interpretations of medieval heresiology.