By Christopher Corèdon, Ann Williams
An curiosity within the center a long time frequently brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a observe or time period which isn't understood or basically imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of genuine aid to common readers and experts alike. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of lifestyle. Latin was once the language of the church, legislation and govt, and lots of Latin phrases illustrated listed below are often present in smooth books of heritage of the interval; equally, the appropriate that means of outdated English and center English phrases may well elude today's reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that realizing the starting place and evolution of a notice offers a greater knowing. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use at the present time, an extra relief to clarifying which means.
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Arles Arraiator. The Latin term for the officer charged with ensuring that mustered troops were properly clothed and equipped. An English equivalent would perhaps be ‘arrayer’. – Cf. Arms, Assize of; Array, Commission of Arras. The town in Flanders, near Lille, after which a rich kind of tapestry was named, depicting figures and scenes, esp. mythological. Its reputation for quality was Europe-wide, giving rise to the Italian word for tapestry, arrazzo, and the Spanish drap de raz. Curtains of this material were often hung on the walls around a room; screens also were made of arras.
They were required to remain in their community, always obeying the abbot. In England the order possessed great areas of land, becoming very rich and powerful. At the time of the Conquest their monasteries were the only sources of education and art in England: the Benedictine rule specified that a set number of hours each day should be set aside for work in the *scriptorium. – Cf. Cluny; Poor Benedictional [benedictionary]. These were service books containing the blessings given during mass and arranged according to use through the liturgical year They were known as Liber Benedictionum or Liber Benedictionalis.
OFr. atirer = to equip] – Cf. Tire Attire 2. Her. Antlers used as a *charge. ‘Attire’ was used in the singular; when both antlers were meant, ‘attires’ was used. Attorn. The process of transferring allegiance and homage from one lord to another. It was also used when land changed lords and the tenants who went with the land agreed to transfer all services and dues. The Latin form was attornamentum. [< OFr. atorner = assign < torner = turn] – Cf. Adscriptus glebae Aubade [aube]. The 16c term for a medieval Provençal love poem welcoming or lamenting the arrival of dawn.