By Richard Black, Godfried Engbersen, Marek Okólski, Cristina Pantîru
A Continent relocating West? argues that the conceptualization of migration as a one-way or long term method is changing into more and more broad of the mark. particularly, east-west hard work migration in Europe, in universal maybe with different flows in and from different components of the realm, is assorted, fluid, and inspired via the dynamics of neighborhood and sector-specific hard work markets and migration-related political rules. The papers during this e-book give a contribution to severe knowing of the east-west migration in the ecu Union after the 2004 growth, from the hot to the outdated member states.
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Additional info for A Continent Moving West?: EU Enlargement and Labour Migration from Central and Eastern Europe
30), depending on seniority. 16 While women made up 12 per cent of registered polish migrants in Oslo in 2006, our survey, which includes undocumented migrants, reported a female share of 26 per cent. 17 Such a possible effect of the transitional restrictions was suggested by Dølvik et al. 2006. 18 According to Transitional Regulations after the EU enlargement, migrants from new accession countries needed a residency permit to work in Norway. To get a residency permit, migrants needed a work contract for full-time work with a wage-level similar to Norwegian local standards.
The results from this study will be published in 2010/2011. 2 Although not an EU member, Norway is part of the single market through the European Economic Area (EEA) agreement. 3 While transitional restrictions in most old member states prolonged pre-accession restrictions based on quotas or labour market demands testing, Norway and Denmark introduced new transitional wage requirements for individual labour migrants from A8 countries. 4 A more thorough presentation of the data and methodology is given in the Appendix.
McCormick, G. Venturini & K. Zimmermann (2002), ‘Managing migration in the European welfare state’, in T. Boeri, G. Hanson & B. ), Immigration policy and the welfare system. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press: 1-150 Castles, Stephen & Mark J. Miller (2003), The age of migration: International population movements in the modern world, third edition. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Cremers, Jan (2006), ‘Free movement of services and equal treatment of workers: The case of construction’ Transfer 12 (2): 167-183.